Thailand’s national flag, ceremoniously raised each morning in every town and village, is composed of five horizontal bands of red, white, and blue. Outer bands of red representing the nation enclose equal inner bands of white evoking religion. The blue band, occupying the central one-third of the total area, symbolizes the monarchy. The harmony of design expresses the complimentary nature of these three pillars of the Thai nation.

This tri-colored flag, called in Thai the “trirong”, first introduced by King Vajiravudh (Rama VI) in 1917, succeeded an earlier design that placed a white elephant (emblem of the absolute monarch) on a red background.

The national anthem is played on all ceremonial occasions of national importance and while the national flag is being raised and lowered.  Professor Phra Jenduriyang composed its music in 1932, while the lyrics, as presently constituted, were written in 1939 by Colonel Luang Saranuprabhandh.  A literal translation is as follows:

    Thailand is the unity of Thai blood and body,
    The whole country belongs to the Thai people,
    Maintaining thus far for the Thai,
    All Thais intend to unite together,
    Thais love peace, but do not fear to fight,
    They will never let anyone threaten their independence,
    They will sacrifice every drop of their blood to contribute to the nation,
    Will serve their country with pride and prestige-full of victory.
    Chai Yo.
 




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